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Valery Bespalov
Valery Bespalov

What You Need to Know About the Final NRC and How to Download It


Download Final NRC: How to Check Your Name in the National Register of Citizens




The National Register of Citizens (NRC) is a list of Indian citizens who are residents of Assam, a state in northeastern India. The NRC is a document that proves one's identity and citizenship in Assam. It is a crucial document for the people of Assam, as it affects their rights, privileges, and benefits as citizens of India.




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In this article, we will explain what the NRC is, why it is important, how to download final NRC and check your name online, and what to do if your name is not in the final NRC. We will also provide you with some useful links and resources to help you with the process.


What is the NRC and why is it important?




The NRC is a register that contains the names and details of all the Indian citizens who are residents of Assam. The NRC was first prepared in 1951, after the first census of independent India. The purpose of the NRC was to identify the original inhabitants of Assam and distinguish them from the migrants who came from other parts of India or neighboring countries.


The NRC is important because it helps to protect the rights and interests of the indigenous people of Assam, who have been facing issues such as illegal immigration, demographic change, cultural erosion, land alienation, and political marginalization. The NRC also helps to prevent infiltration, terrorism, and violence in Assam, which has a history of ethnic conflicts and insurgencies.


The history and purpose of the NRC




The NRC was first prepared in 1951, based on the data collected during the 1951 census. However, the NRC was not updated for decades, due to various reasons such as lack of political will, administrative hurdles, legal challenges, and social unrest. In 1979, a violent movement called the Assam Agitation started, demanding the detection and deportation of illegal immigrants from Bangladesh, who were accused of changing the demographic and cultural landscape of Assam. The movement lasted for six years and resulted in thousands of deaths and displacements.


In 1985, the Assam Accord was signed between the leaders of the Assam Agitation, the central government, and the state government. The accord aimed to end the conflict and restore peace and harmony in Assam. One of the key clauses of the accord was to update the NRC by identifying and registering all the Indian citizens who entered Assam before March 25, 1971, which was the cut-off date for determining citizenship as per the accord.


In 2005, a tripartite agreement was signed between the central government, the state government, and the All Assam Students' Union (AASU), which was one of the main organizations behind the Assam Agitation. The agreement reiterated the commitment to update the NRC as per the Assam Accord. In 2009, a petition was filed in the Supreme Court by an NGO called Assam Public Works (APW), seeking directions for updating the NRC. In 2013, the Supreme Court took up the case and started monitoring the progress of updating the N The criteria and process of the NRC




The criteria for inclusion in the NRC are based on the Citizenship Act, 1955, and the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003. According to these laws, a person can be included in the NRC if he or she:


  • Was born in India on or after January 26, 1950, and up to March 24, 1971;



  • Has at least one parent who was born in India on or after January 26, 1950, and up to March 24, 1971;



  • Has been residing in Assam since before March 25, 1971;



  • Is a legal descendant of a person who was included in the NRC of 1951 or any of the electoral rolls up to March 24, 1971;



  • Is a refugee who came from Bangladesh before January 1, 1966, and registered with the government;



  • Is a person of Indian origin who came from Bangladesh between January 1, 1966, and March 25, 1971, and registered with the government.



The process of updating the NRC started in May 2015, under the supervision of the Supreme Court and the coordination of the Registrar General of India (RGI). The process involved four main steps:


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  • Application: The residents of Assam had to submit their applications along with copies of relevant documents to prove their eligibility for inclusion in the NRC. The application period was from May 2015 to August 2015.



  • Verification: The authorities verified the applications and documents by conducting field visits, family tree verification, and biometric enrolment. The verification period was from September 2015 to December 2017.



  • Publication: The authorities published two draft lists of the NRC: the first draft on December 31, 2017, which contained 19 million names out of 32.9 million applicants; and the second draft on July 30, 2018, which contained 28.9 million names out of 32.9 million applicants.



  • Claims and objections: The applicants who were not satisfied with the draft lists could file claims for inclusion or objections against exclusion. The authorities also published an additional exclusion list on June 26, 2019, which contained about 100,000 names that were earlier included in the draft lists but later found to be ineligible. The claims and objections period was from August 2018 to December 2019.



The controversies and challenges of the NRC




The NRC has been a contentious and complex issue that has faced many controversies and challenges over the years. Some of the major ones are:


  • Political interference: The NRC has been influenced by various political parties and groups that have their own agendas and interests regarding the citizenship issue. Some parties have supported the NRC as a way to protect the rights of the indigenous people and curb illegal immigration, while others have opposed it as a way to exclude certain communities and create fear and insecurity among them.



  • Legal disputes: The NRC has been challenged by various petitions and appeals in various courts, including the Supreme Court, the High Court, and the Foreigners Tribunals. Some of the legal issues raised are related to the validity of documents, the cut-off date for citizenship, the definition of original inhabitants, the authority of Foreigners Tribunals, and the human rights violations.



  • Social unrest: The NRC has caused social unrest and violence in Assam and other parts of India. Many people have protested against or in favor of the NRC, resulting in clashes, injuries, deaths, and arrests. Many people have also faced harassment, discrimination, intimidation, and violence due to their perceived identity or citizenship status.



  • Humanitarian crisis: The NRC has created a humanitarian crisis for millions of people who are at risk of being rendered stateless or displaced. Many people have faced difficulties in obtaining or producing documents to prove their citizenship. Many people have also suffered from mental trauma, anxiety, depression, and suicide due to the uncertainty and fear of losing their identity and rights.



How to download final NRC and check your name online




The final NRC was published on August 31, 2019, after considering all the claims and objections. The final NRC contains about 31.1 million names out of 32.9 million applicants, which means that about 1.9 million people have been excluded from the final list.


If you are an applicant who wants to download final NRC and check your name online, you can follow these simple steps: The steps to download final NRC




To download the final NRC PDF file, you need to have your Application Receipt Number (ARN), which is a 21-digit number that was given to you when you submitted your application. You also need to have access to the internet and a device that can open PDF files. Here are the steps to download final NRC:


Step 1: Visit the official website




The official website for downloading final NRC is http://www.nrcassam.nic.in. You can also visit http://www.thefinalnrc.com or http://www.nrcassamonline.net, which are the alternative websites for downloading final NRC.


Step 2: Enter your ARN and captcha




On the homepage of the website, you will see a box that says "Download Final NRC". Enter your ARN and the captcha code that appears on the screen. Then, click on the "Search" button.


Step 3: Download the final NRC PDF file




If your name is in the final NRC, you will see a message that says "Your name is included in Final NRC". Below that, you will see a link that says "Download Final NRC". Click on that link and save the PDF file on your device. The PDF file will contain your name, address, and other details as per the final NRC.


The steps to check your name online




If you do not want to download the final NRC PDF file, but just want to check your name and status online, you can follow these steps:


Step 1: Visit the official website




The official website for checking your name online is http://www.nrcassam.nic.in/check.html. You can also visit http://www.thefinalnrc.com/FinalNRC/Draft.htm or http://www.nrcassamonline.net/srch.htm, which are the alternative websites for checking your name online.


Step 2: Enter your ARN and captcha




On the homepage of the website, you will see a box that says "Check Your Name in Final NRC". Enter your ARN and the captcha code that appears on the screen. Then, click on the "Search" button.


Step 3: View your name and status in the final NRC




If your name is in the final NRC, you will see a message that says "Your name is included in Final NRC". Below that, you will see your name, address, and other details as per the final NRC. You will also see a green tick mark next to your name.


If your name is not in the final NRC, you will see a message that says "Your name is not included in Final NRC". Below that, you will see a red cross mark next to your name. You will also see a link that says "Reasons for Non-Inclusion". Click on that link and enter your ARN again. Then, you will see the reasons why your name was excluded from the final NRC.


What to do if your name is not in the final NRC




If your name is not in the final NRC, do not panic. You still have some options to prove your citizenship and get included in the final NRC. Here are some things you need to know and do if your name is not in the final NRC:


The reasons for exclusion from the final NRC




There are various reasons why your name may have been excluded from the final NRC. Some of the common ones are:


  • Your documents were not valid or sufficient to prove your eligibility for inclusion in the NRC;



  • Your documents were not verified or matched by the authorities during the verification process;



  • Your name or details were mismatched or misspelled in the documents or the NRC database;



  • Your family tree verification failed due to discrepancies or inconsistencies in the family linkage or legacy data;



  • You were declared as a foreigner, a doubtful voter, or a person with a case pending at a Foreigners Tribunal by the authorities;



  • You were objected by someone who claimed that you were not eligible for inclusion in the NRC.



The options for appeal and correction




If your name is not in the final NRC, you have two options to rectify your situation: appeal and correction. Appeal means that you can challenge the exclusion of your name from the final NRC by filing an appeal at a Foreigners Tribunal. Correction means that you can request for rectification of any errors or mistakes in your name or details in the final NRC by filing a correction application at an NRC Seva Kendra.


You can choose either option or both options depending on your case and preference. However, you should be aware of the following points before opting for any option:


  • You can file an appeal only if you have received a rejection slip from the NRC authorities, which contains the reasons for your exclusion and the details of the Foreigners Tribunal where you can file your appeal;



  • You can file a correction application only if you have received an inclusion certificate from the NRC authorities, which contains your name and details as per the final NRC;



  • You can file an appeal or a correction application only within a specified time limit, which is 120 days from the date of receipt of the rejection slip or the inclusion certificate;



  • You can file an appeal or a correction application only at the designated Foreigners Tribunal or NRC Seva Kendra, which is mentioned in your rejection slip or inclusion certificate;



  • You can file an appeal or a correction application only by yourself or through an authorized representative, who is a citizen of India and has a valid identity proof;



  • You can file an appeal or a correction application only by submitting the prescribed form and documents, which are available at the Foreigners Tribunal or NRC Seva Kendra.



The documents and deadlines for filing an appeal




If you want to file an appeal at a Foreigners Tribunal, you need to have the following documents:


  • A copy of your rejection slip from the NRC authorities;



  • A copy of your application form for inclusion in the NRC;



  • A copy of your ARN card;



  • A copy of your identity proof, such as Aadhaar card, voter ID card, PAN card, etc.;



  • A copy of your legacy data, such as electoral rolls up to March 24, 1971, NRC of 1951, land records, etc.;



  • Any other documents that can support your claim for citizenship, such as birth certificate, school certificate, passport, etc.



You need to file your appeal within 120 days from the date of receipt of your rejection slip. The deadline for filing an appeal is February 27, 2020.


Conclusion




The NRC is a document that proves one's identity and citizenship in Assam. It is a vital document for the people of Assam, as it affects their rights and benefits as citizens of India. The final NRC was published on August 31, 2019, after considering all the claims and objections. The final NRC contains about 31.1 million names out of 32.9 million applicants.


If you are an applicant who wants to download final NRC and check your name online, you can follow the steps mentioned in this article. You can also visit the official website of the NRC for more information and updates. If your name is not in the final the final NRC, you have some options to appeal and correct your situation. You need to have the relevant documents and file your appeal or correction application within the specified time limit.


We hope that this article has helped you to understand the NRC and how to download final NRC and check your name online. If you have any questions or doubts, you can refer to the FAQs below or contact the NRC helpline number at 15107 (toll-free) or 18003453762.


FAQs




Here are some frequently asked questions and answers about the NRC and how to download final NRC and check your name online:


  • What is the difference between the NRC and the NPR?



The NRC is the National Register of Citizens, which is a list of Indian citizens who are residents of Assam. The NPR is the National Population Register, which is a database of all the usual residents of India, irrespective of their citizenship status. The NPR is not a proof of citizenship, whereas the NRC is a proof of citizenship in Assam.


  • What is the difference between the ARN and the SRN?



The ARN is the Application Receipt Number, which is a 21-digit number that was given to you when you submitted your application for inclusion in the NRC. The SRN is the Service Request Number, which is a 10-digit number that was given to you when you filed your claim or objection for inclusion or exclusion in the draft NRC. You need both the ARN and the SRN to check your name and status in the final NRC.


  • What are the benefits of being included in the final NRC?



Being included in the final NRC means that you are a legal citizen of India and a resident of Assam. This means that you can enjoy all the rights, privileges, and benefits that are granted to Indian citizens by the Constitution and the laws of India. You can also vote, get government jobs, avail government schemes, get bank accounts, get passports, etc.


  • What are the consequences of being excluded from the final NRC?



Being excluded from the final NRC means that you are not a legal citizen of India and a resident of Assam. This means that you may lose all the rights, privileges, and benefits that are granted to Indian citizens by the Constitution and the laws of India. You may also face legal action, detention, deportation, or disenfranchisement.


  • How can I get more information and updates about the NRC?



You can get more information and updates about the NRC by visiting the official website of the NRC at http://www.nrcassam.nic.in. You can also follow the official social media accounts of the NRC on Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, etc. You can also contact the NRC helpline number at 15107 (toll-free) or 18003453762.




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